What Are The Purposes and Functions of Evaluation

Purposes and Functions of Evaluation: Evaluation plays a vital role in teaching learning experiences. It is an integral part of the instructional programmes. It provides information’s on the basis of which many educational decisions are taken. We are to stick to the basic function of evaluation which is required to be practiced for pupil and his learning processes. Check for Educational Evaluations in US at UT Evaluators

Evaluation has the following functions:

1. Placement Functions:

a. Evaluation helps to study the entry behaviour of the children in all respects.

b. That helps to undertake special instructional programmes.

c. To provide for individualisation of instruction.

d. It also helps to select pupils for higher studies, for different vocations and specialised courses.

2. Instructional Functions:

a. A planned evaluation helps a teacher in deciding and developing the ways, methods, techniques of teaching.

b. Helps to formulate and reformulate suitable and realistic objectives of instruction.

c. Which helps to improve instruction and to plan appropriate and adequate techniques of instruction.

d. And also helps in the improvement of curriculum.

e. To assess different educational practices.

f. Ascertains how far could learning objectives be achieved.

g. To improve instructional procedures and quality of teachers.

h. To plan appropriate and adequate learning strategies.

3. Diagnostic Functions:

a. Evaluation has to diagnose the weak points in the school programme as well as weakness of the students.

b. To suggest relevant remedial programmes.

c. The aptitude, interest and intelligence are also to be recognised in each individual child so that he may be energised towards a right direction.

d. To adopt instruction to the different needs of the pupils.

e. To evaluate the progress of these weak students in terms of their capacity, ability and goal.

4. Predictive functions:

a. To discover potential abilities and aptitudes among the learners.

b. Thus to predict the future success of the children.

c. And also helps the child in selecting the right electives.

5. Administrative Functions:

a. To adopt better educational policy and decision making.

b. Helps to classify pupils in different convenient groups.

c. To promote students to next higher class,

d. To appraise the supervisory practices.

e. To have appropriate placement.

f. To draw comparative statement on the performance of different children.

g. To have sound planning.

h. Helps to test the efficiency of teachers in providing suitable learning experiences.

i. To mobilise public opinion and to improve public relations.

j. Helps in developing a comprehensive criterion tests.

6. Guidance Functions:

a. Assists a person in making decisions about courses and careers.

b. Enables a learner to know his pace of learning and lapses in his learning.

c. Helps a teacher to know the children in details and to provide necessary educational, vocational and personal guidance. Educational Evaluations in US visit Here

7. Motivation Functions:

a. To motivate, to direct, to inspire and to involve the students in learning.

b. To reward their learning and thus to motivate them towards study.

8. Development Functions:

a. Gives reinforcement and feedback to teacher, students and the teaching learning processes.

b. Assists in the modification and improvement of the teaching strategies and learning experiences.

c. Helps in the achievement of educational objectives and goals.

9. Research Functions:

a. Helps to provide data for research generalisation.

b. Evaluation clears the doubts for further studies and researches.

c. Helps to promote action research in education.

10. Communication Functions:

a. To communicate the results of progress to the students.

b. To intimate the results of progress to parents.

c. To circulate the results of progress to other schools.

The Advantages Of Virtual Receptionists

The virtual receptionists are highly skilled. They are specialized telephone agents that answer calls, forward messages, take messages and even manage diaries. These roles are extremely crucial hence; they are essential for small businesses. This post does not reveal much about the inside business hence gives a superficial outlook for the small business set up.If the mindset of the people is right then the job of a virtual receptionist is a lot of fun on a daily basis. The job is very enjoyable as it helps to gain insight of the inside business. She/he also fetches adequate business for the small companies. The virtual receptionist gets a chance to speak to a number of highly skilled people. They answer the calls of the client and clear various queries. They also fix a number of meetings with the client, which helps in increasing the business. Check for The Advantages Of Virtual Receptionists in Linkedphone

The advantages of Virtual Receptionists

There are several advantages of a virtual receptionist working for a small company. A receptionist of this sort clears one’s doubts and queries in a matter of minutes. It is extremely nice to have one’s doubts cleared one’s in an extremely professional fashion at any hour of the day. The virtual receptionist also helps in forwarding the calls to the concerned department that makes the work much easier and quicker. It makes the company look bigger and better. They act like the company’s representative at the first sight. A good receptionist can ensure that you stand out in business amongst the competitors in the market offering 24/7 efficient services.

The virtual receptionist also manages all the calls from customers. They play an important role in arranging meetings with the client. Thus, it plays an important role in obtaining business for the company. The virtual receptionist provides an optimal customer experience for the client, also makes one business look much organized. The virtual receptionist answers all the voice mails so that the company does not miss any business even when the company is closed for vacations or if the receptionist is not on duty. This indeed offers live phone answering services. It would be a great boon for any small business to outsource this service. The following technology portrays even small companies as big one.

The virtual receptionist can take your work to the next level. They build the reputation of the company to acquire more business in the work place. This is very essential as in today’s world the competition is growing as the number of companies offering services have increased. The virtual receptionist offer cost effective 24/7 services to the costumer. These services make your business much more attractive and organized. The services also offer after hour coverage and provide a short-term coverage of services on the office closure, holidays or even when the staff leaves. They are designed to take small firms along with total attorney for the company. This specially means for smaller companies.

They offer services like optional appointment, full services (even after hours), small call packages, no set up fees, new client intake at any time, call screening and 24/7 live reception coverage. They thus make your work easier and faster with virtual receptionists as the virtual receptionist offers excellent services to run your business in a smarter way.

 

Jaguar XE Facelift Review & First Drive

Jaguar XE Overview

Jaguar’s smallest sedan is the new XE. This is an all new sedan that has been built from scratch. The Jaguar XE is smaller than the XF and it is a new product that will be competing in a range that has higher volumes. Based on an all aluminium platform, the XE is extremely light making it highly dynamic. This means it has good performance and even good fuel efficiency. The XE has been launched with a 2.0-litre petrol engine that will be coming in two states of tunes.  For information on contact details of Jaguar car dealers in Pune

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Jaguar XE Look

Jaguar XE has an agile look and is designed to make it a head turner when it is driven on the road. Jaguar XE features include a length of 4795mm and a width of 2075mm and come with body colored bumpers. The engine grill has a beautiful perforated design that is bordered with a chromium strip and the logo of the company inscribed in the middle. The headlight cluster is big and powerful and are equipped with halogen lamps for the Pure trim whereas, the Portfolio trim is equipped with bi-functional HID Xenon headlamps along with headlamp power wash function. To cool the powerful engine quickly, it has a big black color perforated air dam along with two black color air vents to dry the brakes. Looking at its side profile, you will notice silver encrusted air vents, body colored ORVM caps (with integrated turn lamps) and door handles along with uniquely designed fenders, which houses 17-inch silver alloy rims mounted by tubeless radial tyres. The rear profile of this car reinforces the athletic look of its front. Jaguar XE Colors available in the market include, Ebony Black and Polaris White. If you want more variety, then you have to pay for some other colors like Ammonite Grey, Blue Fire, British Racing Green, Dark Sapphire Metallic, Glacier White, Italian racing Red, Odyssey Red, Osmium Blue, Quartzite, Rhodium Silver, Ultimate Black, Black Cherry, Celestial Black, Ingot, Storm Grey, and Tempest Grey.

Jaguar XE Comfort

The sporty and understated design philosophy of the exterior has trickled down to the interiors as well. It shares some beautiful elements with the big daddy XJ like the ‘Riva Loop’ which is a continuous band of trim running around the dashboard and connecting the front doors. The dashboard itself sports a clean design with the touchscreen infotainment system taking centre stage. The AC controls are neatly laid out with buttons being of adequate size. Speaking of buttons, it is slightly disappointing to hear a click sound from many buttons. It robs away some of the premium experience and Jaguar could have used better buttons.

The overall interior quality is very good in the Jaguar XE. The front seats offer excellent support and are well cushioned. The rear seat is a little tight in terms of headroom for tall passenger owing to the sloping roofline but is otherwise very comfortable. The under thigh support and legroom is good for any passenger below 5’10”. However, a third passenger would not be comfortable due to the tall transmission tunnel and protruding rear AC vents.

The boot is very practical due to its flat and wide floor. The spare tyre is tucked away under the floor unlike the Mercedes C-Class and BMW 3-Series which makes all the boot space usable. The infotainment system is much improved over the previous iterations seen in other Jaguar cars but it still isn’t the best in trade. A very neat party trick in the Jaguar XE is the 360 degree camera which is the best we have ever seen in a car. It works very well to show the complete surroundings of the car and makes parking in tight spaces a breeze. The Meridian sound system will satisfy the audiophile in you by providing good music quality.

Jaguar XE Gearbox

The punchy nature of the engine is more in keeping with the XE’s sporty pretensions. The engine feels quicker than its 9-second 0-100kph time would suggest and kickdown acceleration is good too, though its rivals are faster still. The engine bunches up its power for release at 2000rpm and till 4000rpm, progress is strong. You can rev on and even hold gear at the 4900rpm limiter in manual mode but the eight-speed gearbox does such a nice job of things on its own, you’ll be happy to let it do its thing. In Dynamic drive mode, the gearbox gets the best out of the engine by selecting the ratio that keeps revs near the 2000rpm mark. Resultantly, there’s no delay in the build of power and the XE just lunges forward as and when you need it to. The XE also adapts well to a relaxed driving style. The gearbox keeps engine revs and noise levels low. It’s just that the engine isn’t as quiet as it ought to be. Throttle inputs are usually accompanied by a grumble from the engine and there’s a drone in the mid-range too. You just won’t get the same sense of calm in the cabin as you would in the beautifully insulated A4 35TDI, though a BMW 320d is noisier still.

It’s actually the 320d that the XE 20d can be best clubbed together. Both cars are designed to put the driver at the heart of the action. And like its petrol siblings, the XE diesel succeeds in this quest, and how. The steering is straight up incredible and there is a very natural balance in the chassis that makes the XE a joy to drive on curvy roads. Yup, we can’t wait to bring it head-to-head with a Bimmer either. Ride quality, again like the petrols, is really good too. There is a great balance between body movement arresting firmness and ride-enhancing suppleness in the suspension setup, and only on occasion will the XE thud and thump on our roads.

Jaguar XE Driving

The ride of the XE is smooth. It has been tuned for better handling, but for India it has tweaked for better ride also. Drive on broken tarmac or even at high speeds. It irons out most of the road shocks for front and rear passengers making it extremely comfortable for the occupants. The handling of the XE is just fantastic. What makes it even better is the steering feedback. The steering wheel weighs up as speed increases. Most of the sedans in this segment now have electronic steering wheel that is extremely light and kills the joy for those who enjoy driving

Jaguar XE Safety

Standard safety features on the 2017 XE include stability and traction control, front-seat side and side curtain airbags, and hazard lights that automatically activate under heavy braking. A rearview camera is standard on the Premium trim level and above, while the R-Sport further comes with drowsy driver monitoring, blind-spot monitoring, rear cross-traffic alert, front and rear parking sensors, lane departure warning and intervention, forward collision warning, and forward collision mitigation with automatic emergency braking.

The R-Sport trim’s standard front and rear parking sensors and blind-spot monitoring with rear cross-traffic alert can be added to the Premium or Prestige trim via a Vision package (which also adds the adaptive xenon headlights with automatic high beams). As noted above, there’s also a Driver Assistance package (R-Sport) with additional safety technologies.

Every XE comes with InControl Protect (including SOS emergency calling, Jaguar roadside assistance and stolen vehicle location) and InControl Remote (a smartphone app with vehicle status reports, remote locking and unlocking, and other remote features).

Jaguar XE Price in Hyderabad

Jaguar Xe Ex-Showroom Price in Hyderabad ranges from 35,83,042/- (XE Pure) to 44,70,470/- (XE Portfolio Diesel). Get best offers for Jaguar Xe from Jaguar Dealers in Hyderabad. Check for Jaguar XE price in Hyderabad at Carzprice

Jaguar XE Conclusion

Jaguar is the last one to introduce an entry-level sedan amongst its peers but it has used its time very well. The XE is an excellent package combining practicality, sportiness and comfort. The engine combined with the gearbox and driving dynamics will ensure that the enthusiast in you is satisfied whereas the comfort level will ensure that the other passengers are comfortable too. It has truly shaken up the segment with the only fly in the ointment being the high price. It is priced at a quite a premium over the Mercedes C200 but we would say it is well worth the premium. The British brand has indeed succeeded in making the baby Jag the best driver’s sedan in its segment.

Tata Tigor Review & Test Drive

Tata Tigor Overview

The Tata Tigor is the second compact sedan in the Indian carmaker’s lineup and sits below the Tata Zest. Built on the Tata Tiago platform, the Tigor was first showcased at the 2016 Auto Expo in Delhi as the Kite 5 Concept. The Tata Tigor has been built with the HorizonNext design ideology and is an important product on Tata’s road to revival.While the Tigor was expected to rattle the sub-four metre sedan segment with its pricing, it still sits almost Rs 50,000 below the likes of Honda Amaze, Maruti Suzuki Swift Dzire, Hyundai Xcent, Ford Aspire and the Volkswagen Ameo. For information on contact details of Tata car dealers in New Delhi

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Tata Tigor Look

The Tigor compact sedan underpins slightly tweaked version of the XO platform. Although the car uses the same platform, the wheelbase has been extended by 50 more mm to add the extra amount of space for the rear passengers.Coming to its exterior styling, we must inform you all that the Tigor Styleback looks far better than any other compact sedans of the Indian market. It is quite evident that the Tigor hurriedly did not finish designing the car. It does not have any disproportionate lines towards the B-Pillar onward while the boot and the rear profile blends perfectly with the overall design quite well. The sloping roofline towards the rear of the car and that integrated roof spoiler with the stop lamps adds a premium appeal to the Styleback. The rear profile also features a wraparound split LED taillamps which look gorgeous with the Hexagonal elements in it. The lower bumper at the rear profile looks bulky which has helped in making the sedan appear slightly bigger than its sibling Tiago.

Apart from the newly done rear profile, the front and side profile gets the same treatment as seen on the Tiago hatchback. Fewer changes to the front include a smoked projector headlamp which also gets integrated LED DRL’s as well. The lower bumper houses round shaped fog lamps with chrome embellishments. The Tigor also gets Tata’s signature grille with Hexagonal detailing and Tata Motors logo at the centre; this grille can also be found in the Tiago hatchback as well. The side profile too looks identical to the hatchback with no such noticeable changes. However, it does get two different alloy wheel patterns for the petrol and diesel variants respectively.Thus with all the changes mentioned above calling the Tata Tigor one of the most proportionate looking compact sedan’s currently available in the Indian market won’t be an understatement.

Tata Tigor Cabin

Moving on to the interiors, the resemblance with the Tiago’s interiors is strong here too. You get the same fish skin texture on the dashboard which makes it look premium. Though the quality levels are good in some places, it is still not up to the mark in others. Especially when you consider that the Tigor will be priced higher than the Tiago and will be competing with cars in a higher segment with better quality levels like the Hyundai Grand i10 and Xcent. The Tigor does benefit from the addition of a new touchscreen infotainment system and the auto air-conditioner, over the Tiago though.We noticed that the visibility out of the rear is slightly hindered due to the high boot and the sloping rear parcel shelf area is simply useless. In fact there’s hardly any storage spaces at the back other than the slim door pockets and the cup holders in the centre armrest. Although Tata claims to have 24 storage spaces across this cabin, they are either too small or too slim. However, the glove box is large and very useable.

The front seats are softly cushioned and offer good support for the back and thigh along with ample head room. But a little firmer seats would have translated into more comfort over long journeys. At the rear, the bench spreads all the way to the edges of the doors to better fit three passengers and an arm rest also finds its way here too. With the 50mm bump-up in wheelbase, it has liberated more knee room. Now, the rear backrest is slightly more reclined than the Tiago and despite the sloping roof, headroom is also adequate. We would have liked some more thigh support and longer squab but it’s not a deal breaker, and the rear seat of the Tiago is actually a good place to be in. Although the unique double hinge boot opening mechanism avoids it from eating into the boot space, there no running away from the fact that the opening is narrow which makes loading luggage a bit awkward especially since the boot enclosure is deep. This is a clear indication that design has taken precedence over function, in the way the boot opens. It’s something that could have been avoided if this was a proper three box design as the boot opening would have been larger. The good thing though is that the 419 litre boot space has no intrusions whatsoever in the enclosure.

Some of the features on the Tigor include a rear view camera with rear parking sensors, a new touchscreen display for the ConnectNext infotainment system that is compatible with Android’s ConnectNext app which uses its own maps for navigation. There are eight speakers, AUX, USB, bluetooth capability, steering mounted controls, all-four power windows with driver’s side auto-down, electric mirrors and tilt steering. The Tigor also benefits from a rear defogger, fog lamps, two airbags, and ABS with EBD.

Tata Tigor Performance

Like the Tiago, the Tigor will be offered with a 1.05-litre, three-cylinder diesel engine and a 1.2-litre, three-cylinder petrol engine. Both engines come mated to five-speed gearboxes, albeit with shorter gearing to compensate for the 50kg weight increment over the Tiago.The diesel engine makes 70hp of power and 140Nm of torque, figures which are quite low by segment standards. And the fact is the diesel engine feels adequate, but no more. Performance in town is fair and you’ll be able to keep up with traffic, but when you want to overtake, you’ll miss that mid-range surge we’ve just come to expect from even small turbo-diesels. There is a mild step up in power at 2,000rpm but power delivery remains flat thereafter, forcing you to downshift when you need to get a quick move on. Out on the highway too, you will often be left wanting for power. The diesel engine is also on the noisier side and sounds thrummy when extended. For their part, the gearbox is smooth in operation, though not slick, and the clutch is reasonably light too.

For most urban buyers though, the petrol Tigor would be the one of greater interest. The petrol Tigor uses the same engine as the one on the Tiago but Tata has added a balancer shaft to cut vibrations here. The inclusion of the balancer also required recalibration of the ECU and the net effect is the engine feels far nicer than it does in the Tiago. Vibrations are significantly reduced and fueling seems cleaner too; power delivery is noticeably smoother than the petrol Tiago. Performance in town is decent with reasonable responses to throttle inputs. Fairly smooth gearshifts and the light clutch also help the experience. Still, the 85hp engine does little to excite. The build-up of power is flat throughout the rev range (it revs until 6,500rpm) and it simply lacks zing. And when revved hard, the engine doesn’t sound particularly nice either.

Tata Tigor Rideing

The ride quality has to be one of the Tigor’s biggest highlights. The suspension offers a very good combination of ride and handling, especially the diesel, which runs on 14-inch wheels. It soaked bumps and potholes extremely well, and while both versions do not lose their composure over bad roads, the diesel offers a better ride with lesser up-and-down or side-to-side movements. The petrol uses 15-inch wheels and tends to cause more movement on broken roads, though ride quality is very good.The Tigor is impressive in terms of handling too. The suspension offers confidence when driving sportily or going fast around corners. The steering has a nice weighted feel, and it is not too sharp in terms of responses, but the suspension adds to the confidence. The petrol feels more confident with its bigger wheels and a slightly more responsive steering, as it is lighter than the diesel by about 70kg. Brakes feel good, though we would have liked some more initial bite. Stability under hard braking is better in the petrol.

Tata Tigor Safety

Tata Motors is offering the new Tigor with dual front airbags, ABS, EBD with cornering stability control. The Tigor hasn’t been crash tested yet but the body panels and the sheet metal feels quite solid and well built, specially when you open/close the doors. Tata has a wide network across the country and with the success of the Tiago, their after sales have become much better. The Tigor is expected to offer low maintenance with reasonably priced servicing and spare parts.

Tata Tigor Cost in Hyderabad

Tata Tigor Ex-Showroom Price in Hyderabad ranges from 4,68,788/- (Tigor XE Petrol) to 7,02,717/- (Tigor XZ O Diesel). Get best offers for Tata Tigor from Tata Dealers in Hyderabad. Check for Tigor price in Hyderabad at Carzprice

Tata Tigor Bottomline

The Tata Tigor styleback surely was able to impress the crowd with its styling and also with its features both inside as well as outside. The smoked projector headlamps, stylish alloy wheels, coupe-like roofline all contributes to the unique looks of this compact sedan. The interior too gets plenty of updates as well in the form of better legroom for the rear passengers, redesigned rear seats a new touchscreen infotainment screen and JBL speakers. The car uses the same drivetrains from the Tigor hatchback which might affect the performance a bit because the compact sedan is slightly heavier than the hatchback. What the owners will also miss is an AMT transmission as well which makes driving a lot more stress-free especially in bumper to bumper City traffic. But Tata might introduce the AMT at a later stage for sure with the Tigor.

BMW X1 Engine & Transmission

BMW X! Overview

The new-generation BMW X1 is based on an all-new platform, and after the initial success of the X1 this could help the Bavarian automaker to succeed this time as well. The new X1 follows the new design language and this time it has an all-new chassis as well. BMW is offering the X1 with a range of new features and powertrain upgrades. The new BMW X1 is lighter and a lot more fuel-efficient too. The performance of this compact SUV is even better than the existing X1. For More details on Price of BMW cars check at carzprice.com

BMW X! Exterior & Look

As expected, the second-gen X1 sports an evolutionary design with styling cues borrowed from its bigger siblings, the X3 and X5. The front fascia features a slightly bigger twin-kidney grille and longer, sleeker headlamps. Down below, the X1 received larger fog lamps and larger air intakes, making it seem not only bigger than its predecessor, but more aggressive as well. In all, it seems as if the X1 is no longer the ugly duckling of the BMW crossover family.

When viewed from the side, the X1 seems nearly identical to its predecessor from the waist down. The trademark beltline is still in place, while the side skirt area is creased in a similar fashion as on the previous model. However, things are different from the waist up, with a taller glass area, a bigger quarter window, and a raked roofline.

The rear fascia has received its fair share of upgrades as well, starting with significantly larger taillights, which look way better than the previous units, and a better sculpted tailgate and upper bumper area.Overall, it seems the X1 has become a baby X5, and there’s nothing wrong with that. Mini SUVs aren’t exactly appealing design-wise, but BMW tried really hard with the X1 and the result is quite good.

BMW X! Interior & Space

One of the advantages of BMW moving form a rear-wheel-drive platform on the old X1 to a front-wheel-drive platform on the new X1 is in interior packaging. And that is most evident when you sit in the back seat. Where space was only just about sufficient in the old X1’s rear seat, there’s a good deal of room in the new X1. There’s plenty of knee room, generous headroom and even improved shoulder room. The rear seat itself scores big for comfort. The seating position is excellent and the cushioning is well judged.Drivers familiar with the old X1 will find themselves sitting higher here, with a driving position that is more suited to an SUV. Visibility is good and what helps is that the dashboard is nice and low. The dash is typical BMW fare, so it’s neat, clean, uncluttered, but it does look a bit too much like the other cars. Also, while cabin quality on the whole is good, there are a few areas where the X1 could have been better. For instance, on the door pockets, where the plastics are hard, and don’t feel all that premium.

No complaints about this M Sport version’s nicely contoured powered front seats though. They look rich and offer great support. The M-spec three-spoke steering wheel complete with paddle-shifters also adds a great deal of sportiness in here. Speaking of equipment, the M Sport also gets heads-up display, panoramic sunroof and a high-res 8.8-inch display for the i-Drive infotainment system. There’s navigation and onboard music storage too, but sadly no reverse camera. The lesser xLine trim cars get a smaller 6.5-inch screen for the i-Drive system.In terms of practicality, the X1 impresses. Its 505-litre boot is a full 85 litres larger than the old X1’s and you also get power fold for the three rear seats. Oh, and under the boot floor sits a proper space saver spare tyre. BMW has been listening to you.

BMW X! Engine & Transmission

The BMW X1 comes with the same 2.0-litre oil burner that also provides grunt to the 3-Series. The new B47 unit has improved over the older N47 plant and this time it comes mated to an 8-speed automatic transmission from Aisin rather than ZF. Acceleration pace is pretty good and 0-100 km/hr comes up in 7.8 seconds which isn’t too bad. The biggest change here is the fact that the new X1 is a darn front wheel drive car while it also gets an AWD option. Also gone is the manual handbrake of the older model which is replaced by a puny little button. A little less sideways fun now, eh?

The diesel engine puts out 190 BHP of power and 400 Nm of torque. Switch on the car and start driving and the first thing you notice is that the engine feels a tad bit noisier in the cabin, especially compared to the 320d. There is some amount of turbo lag which isn’t really bothersome and the X1 chugs around nicely with low throttle inputs needed inside the city. The Aisin tranny is good at its job and cogs are changed smoothly.

On the highways, the BMW X1 properly comes to life when the RPM needle starts hovering around the mid way mark. There is a very good surge of power and the compact SUV gathers pace quickly enough to touch 200 km/hr without making you wait for long. Eco Pro mode is best used in the city when you want to extract a couple of extra kms by compromising a bit on the power delivery. Comfort mode as you all know is suited for both city as well as highway driving while Sport mode holds on to the RPMs much longer, thus providing power as soon as you mash the throttle. Expect a fuel efficiency of 12-13 km/l if driven sanely and if you’ve had Redbull before stepping into the car then your wings (and fast driving!) will bring the efficiency down by a couple of kms per litre.

BMW X! Driving Dynamics

A robust set of disc brakes are fitted to all its four wheels. The advanced anti lock braking system with brake assist are also on the offer that further boosts this mechanism. The top end variant features an M Sport suspension system that is designed for great driving dynamics. This system makes for a smooth ride and keeps the huge machine balanced and stable on all surfaces. On the other hand, it comes with a servotronic, electromechanical power steering column that is active only when you steer it. This provides good response and helps you maneuver easily in any road condition. For information on contact details of BMW car dealers in Bangalore

BMW X! Safety & Security

The BMW X1 comes with multiple airbags, ABS with EBD, ESP and other safety features that one expects in a luxury vehicle. The BMW X1 offers all the features that one will need for the price paid.The BMW X1 is well specced across the models but the M Sport gets some exclusive features. Let’s start with what all the variants get – LED headlamps with cornering function, rain sensing wipers and auto headlamps, dual zone climate control, an auto-dimming inside rear view mirrors, push button start and auto start-stop. Safety is a priority and all variants get six airbags, ABS and a comprehensive stability control package. Now onto the stuff only the top M model has – leather seats, the larger iDrive screen with a touch-sensitive controller, HUD and of course, the M Sport visual goodies. Strangely, this is another expensive German car that doesn’t offer the very practical feature of keyless entry found on run-of-the-mill Rs-7-lakh hatchbacks.

BMW X! Price

Bmw X1 Ex-Showroom Price in Hyderabad ranges from 32,38,274/- (X1 sDrive20d Expedition) to 42,69,000/- (X1 xDrive20d M Sport). Get best offers for Bmw X1 from Bmw Dealers in Hyderabad. Check the price of X1 in Hyderabad

BMW X! Bottomline

The new BMW X1 is quite the package, especially when you see it in light of the old one. Performance from the diesel engine is really impressive too, the ride quality is good and importantly the X1 is an SUV you’d love to drive yourself. Agreed, this X1 isn’t quite as engaging to drive as the old one was, but in the bigger picture, this is a more versatile and a more complete X1, and that’s the reason to like it. What makes it more likeable still is the way BMW has priced it. Prices start at Rs 29.9 lakh (ex-showroom, Delhi) and top-off at Rs 39.9 lakh. Which compare well with the Audi Q3 and Mercedes-Benz GLA. For the money, this just could be the best small luxury SUV you could buy.

Renault Kwid Engine & Transmission

Renault Kwid Overview

This, the new Renault Kwid AMT, is possibly the last chapter in the current Kwid’s evolution story. The story itself mirrors that of the high-selling Alto quite closely: First there was the 800cc, then the 1-litre came along, and now there’s the 1-litre with the AMT ‘box. And, we must say, this one is special. Sure, it has its shortcomings, but as a package for first time car buyers, it does more right than WRONG. Check for Renault cars Price, Review, Features & Specs at CarzPrice

Renault Kwid Exterior & Style

There are only two changes on the 1.0-litre Renault Kwid to differentiate it from the 800cc model. The French carmaker has added sporty body graphics on the doors having 1.0-litre stickers and there are a lot better looking full-size ORVMs finished in brushed silver. There is no badging on the tailgate or the front fenders. Apart from these minor changes, the Kwid looks exactly the same. The SUV proportions and high stance is the USP of the Kwid which really makes it stand out of the competition when it comes to styling.

Renault Kwid Interior & Space

The interior of the more powerful Renault Kwid is ditto and there are no extra features on offer in this variant. However, the Kwid is already well equipped to keep the buyers happy. The layout is simple and functional but the touchscreen infotainment system is the party piece of the Kwid’s interior. You don’t get such features in the competition. You have navigation system, Bluetooth connectivity with music streaming and a lot more. Sadly, rear view mirrors still don’t get internally adjustable function. Rear passengers don’t get power windows either. What you do get is plenty of cabin space along with a huge 300-litre boot space.

Renault Kwid Engine & Transmission

The 1.0-litre Renault Kwid produces 67 BHP at 5500 RPM and 91 Nm at 4250 RPM. This basically means 14 BHP and 19 Nm more at lower RPMs when compared to the 800cc engine. The added capacity and retuned engine offers strong low end and mid-range punch. The 3-cylinder engine doesn’t feel strained now and easily picks up the pace without letting you put effort. In-gear acceleration is better now and you don’t need to shift more frequently while driving in city traffic. The 5-speed transmission still feels a bit sluggish to use but has well defined gates.

100 km/hr comes up quickly if you upshift a tad before the redline since it doesn’t feel too responsive at the higher end of the rev band. Renault has worked on the NVH levels, which makes it less noisy and it feels more refined now. The more powerful Kwid now feels at home on the highways since you can cruise around 100 km/hr with ease at lower RPMs. The claimed fuel efficiency has gone down a bit to 23.01 km/l since there is a bigger engine under the hood.

Renault Kwid Driving Dynamics

A lesson Renault has learnt with the Duster is that a rugged high ground clearance car will find its takers here and with the Kwid, the carmaker delivers just that. Riding high at 180mm, the Kwid has the highest ground clearance in its class. And considering it’s a short wheelbase, this will be more than enough to go over just about every large speed breaker the country has in store for it. The high ground clearance also gives excellent visibility out of the driver’s seat making it a very easy car to drive around town. What impressed us right away is the ride quality of this tiny hatchback. The Kwid uses MacPherson struts up front and twist beam suspension at the rear and the setup is tuned to perfection for our roads. Large undulations are evened out impressively and broken roads don’t throw you about inside the car like most hatchbacks in this segment do. For information on contact details of Renault car dealers in New Delhi

The nice chunky steering and the driving position are spot on. You sit at a good height and there is no offset pedal nonsense or steering on your chest sort of feeling that budget cars tend to have. The Kwid has considerable roll but not of the scary kind. You know you can keep it together when you are hustling this Renault baby, and in fact it is good fun to chuck around corners, much like the Alto. Just 660kg of mass to stop does ease pressure off the tiny disc brakes up front and the drums in the rear. The brakes could do with a bit more play though and the 155 section tyres with a bit more bite. When weight is on your side however, you can get away with a little less grip. Renault should however have an ABS equipped variant in the lineup too, which is not on offer as of now

Renault Kwid Price

Renault Kwid Ex-Showroom Price in Hyderabad ranges from 2,69,232/- (Kwid STD) to 4,65,699/- (Kwid RXT 1.0 O Superhero Edition AMT). Get best offers for Renault Kwid from Renault Dealers in Hyderabad. Check for Kwid price in Hyderabad

Renault Kwid Bottomline

If it is your first car, and you haven’t experienced a torque converter or dual clutch automatic before, the Kwid AMT will prove both easy to drive and agreeable to own. The gearshifts aren’t jerky, the throttle is linear and responsive, and thanks to the 1-litre engine, it is also energetic to drive in the city. We haven’t tested it for fuel economy yet, but we expect it to return efficiency figures matching the manual Kwid 1.0. What’s more, it carries over the highlights of the Kwid: a light steering, a plush low speed ride and clear visibility.

Negative Space in UI Design: Tips and Best Practices

Tubik Studio

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We often think that silence, emptiness or colorlessness is bad for us. We take them for granted without thinking that they are the solid foundation of the contrast. Only silence lets us know the value of the sound. Only empty space lets us understand what we want to fill it with. Only colorlessness lets us feel the colors brighter and deeper when they appear on stage. And only the absence of air lets us know how vital it is. Today we are talking about the air in design. Let’s discuss negative space.

What Is Negative Space in Design? Basically, negative space — or white space, as it’s often called — is the area of the layout which is left empty. It may be not only around the objects you place in the layout but also between and inside them. Negative space is a kind of breathing room for all the object on the page or screen. Not only does it define the limits of objects but also creates the necessary bonds between them according to Gestalt principles and builds up effective visual performance. Due to that, white space is a rightful design element that has a big impact on positive user experience. «White space is like a canvas: it’s the background that holds the elements together in a design, enabling them to stand out» — says Mads Soegaard from Interaction Design Foundation.

Negative space in graphic design is often seen in logos, on illustrations, posters and creative lettering where it becomes an active part of the visual presentation making key objects even more expressive. For example, in the blog illustration below we can see how the background element (moon) plays the role of contrasting negative space making the astronaut look more vivid and dynamic.

In UI design for websites and mobile apps, negative space is a big factor of high usability and navigability of the interface. The negative space around the layout elements is also called macro space whereas the space between them and inside (for letters and stroke elements) is also called micro space. For web design company visit Vivid Designs

What Is the Difference Between White Space and Negative Space? Short answer: no difference. These terms are fully interchangeable.

Why is this phenomenon called in two different terms? It’s easy to answer if you trace the origins. The term «white space» comes from print design since the times when pages were mostly white, so white space was everything around, between and inside the letters or symbols as well as around illustrations. Today, used in design, this term has nothing to do with white color: it’s all about empty space rather than color. The term «negative space» comes from photography: on a photo shot, they define positive space (objects attracting attention) and negative space (background).

What is important to remember that negative space in web design doesn’t have to be only white — you may use any color, texture, even pattern or background image.

Why Is Negative Space Important? Imagine yourself coming into a room fully packed with various staff. Shelves, boxes, bags, piles of books and clothes, the desk cluttered with various things. Will you be able to concentrate on such conditions? Do you really need all those things right now? Will you be able to find what you need and how much time will it take? Well, that’s pretty the same what users feel opening the page or screen without a vital air of negative space.

Both clients and some designers may want to put as many elements and features as possible on one page or screen thinking that it will save the game and will be helpful for clients. But that’s a mistake: in fact, users don’t need everything at once. Even more, too many elements without enough air significantly raise the level of distraction: overloaded with information and interactive elements most of which they DON’T need, users will have to take an effort to find what they DO need. As Aarron Walter mentioned, «if everything yells for your viewer’s attention, nothing is heard».

Among the benefits of a thoughtful approach to negative space in design, we could mention the following:

it supports scannability of the page it enhances visual hierarchy it makes the bonds between the elements visible and naturally perceived without additional means like tables, frames, arrows it provides enough air on the page so that it didn’t feel cluttered it sets user’s focus on core elements and reduces the level of distraction it adds style and elegance to the page. For example, let’s look on the landing page of Big City Guide. Here the designer applies a background photo and it plays the role of negative space on macro level. Even more, the elements of the photo and the lettering of the main copy element are interconnected: it makes negative space an active element of design and gives the page a united harmonic look.

Core Factors Influenced by Negative Space Using negative space properly may have a considerable impact on the following factors of user experience.

Readability and legibility If there’s not enough space between the elements, they become hard to read and demand additional effort. It may be a strong reason for eye and brain tense although many users won’t be able to formulate the problem. A proper amount of negative space, especially micro space, solves this problem and makes the process more natural. So, negative space directly influences the efficiency of typography on the page or screen. In music, pauses play the same role as sounds. In reading it works the same way: empty spaces placed correctly makes the text easier to read. For website development services in Chennai visit Vivid Designs

Branding If you check any logo guideline, you will find that designers define the appropriate amount of negative space around it so that it was perceived correctly. Breaking this rules is harmful to the visual performance.

Nature of the resource Negative space has an impact on the so-called design tone. For example, news resources will have less white space on the home page than blogs to set the mood and understanding that the platform is full of data which appears dynamically.

Attention ratio Enough negative space enhances visual hierarchy and allows users to focus on the key elements.

Based on that, negative space has an impact on visual perception in such aspects as:

copy content graphic content navigation identity. Let’s check a couple of examples. Here’s a home page for The Big Landscape. Without any visual frames and tables, due to the balanced use of negative space, the designer builds up the strong visual hierarchy and allows the user to scan various blocks of content in split seconds. This way design looks organized but light and airy. White background and layout arrangement make it look similar to a magazine page which harmonically informs the reader about the aims and nature of this online magazine.

Another example is a mobile application Upper app: here the negative space is all black, creating the great contrast to the core elements of the interface. For all the screen, only one straight line is used. Nevertheless, all the layout looks organized and highly readable due to enough air and no distractors. It also supports stylist minimalist elegance to favor aesthetic satisfaction.

Pitfalls to Consider 1. Confusing terminology. When you are talking to clients who may be not deeply familiar with design terms, make sure you explain the meaning of negative space before you describe the design solution. It may be hard for a non-designer to understand why «this screen needed more white space» looking at the totally black background as well as negative space may be associated with something bad — which it is not. So, don’t forget to dot all the i’s before using the terms.

2. Wish to reduce negative space to put more on page or screen. It happens not only in UI design: you may hear how an interior designer recommends saving some space to the client who wants 4 bookcases in one room instead of 2, or an architect explains why there is the need of empty space around the building to make it look and serve better. Even more, sometimes re-planning the elements with the better use of negative space creates the illusion of the room or building being bigger than it really is — and the same happens with data you have to put on a mobile screen or web page. Decide what’s more important, what’s secondary and what can be eliminated so that to navigate the user intuitively. Negative space will help to make the harmonic look of the screen or page even if it’s full of information and functions.

3. Poor prioritization. Negative space is not a cure-all if thought-out information architecture doesn’t stand behind an interface. Before you think about the design skin, you have to decide how a user will find the shortcut to his/her goal and solves his/her problem with an app or website. Plan this route before you make the looks presenting it in style; otherwise, even the best balance of visual elements including negative space won’t work effectively.

 

Building the user-centered web

What is a social network?

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I would like to reclaim some language:

Social is an adjective that means relating to human society and its members. A network is an interconnected system of things or people. Therefore, I’d suggest that we can define a social network as just being an interconnected system of people. The audience of this talk is a social network; so are your friends, colleagues, interest groups and so on. Social networking tools facilitate social networks. The universe of social tools certainly includes web applications with social functionality, but it also includes structured face to face interactions, telephone, post, SMS, email. In other words, the web is just one possible tool for this purpose — albeit a very effective one.

If you build it, they will come

You can’t install a social networking tool and instantly expect usage: Field of Dreams is not a good model for community development. The web is littered with ghost sites created using Ning, Elgg and more that have been established in the hope that a user-base will magically appear; however, if your main selling point is the social network itself, nobody’s going to join until that network of people exists and is actively using it. It’s a chicken-and-egg problem.

Therefore, you either need to have an existing network of people to facilitate interactions between (for example, when Facebook launched at Harvard) or compelling functionality that is useful without a network of existing users (for example, Delicious).

If we’re creating a tool that’s useful for the first user who signs up, without a pre-existing social network, then what we’re really talking is a software application that uses the web as an interface, and happens to have social functionality as one of its features.

The web as applications

When the web was conceived, it consisted of documents and pages linked with hypertext: linked words and phrases that, when clicked, would load another, relevant document. Each page had its own Uniform Resource Locator, which allowed you to return to that specific page at any time. Each page could be a destination in itself, and although the sites (collections of pages) could be linked together through hypertext, each one had no need to know about your activities elsewhere on the web. Why would they? Documents don’t have memory; their role is simply to impart information. For Top web design company visit Vivid Designs

Step forward to today, and the web is not entirely made of pages: applications now represent a large amount of the web. (Princeton WordNet defines an application as “a program that gives a computer instructions that provide the user with tools to accomplish a task”; Google Docs, Remember The Milk, Flickr, Delicious etc are all applications by this definition.)

The benefits are tangible: you can access an application’s functionality from any web-compatible device, anywhere in the world. You’re no longer bound to the software you happen to have installed on a particular machine, and you no longer need to worry about whether you’ve remembered to save a particular file onto a particular drive. Because of historic resource limitations, web applications tend to be easier to use, and entirely bypass the need for IT departments, which have unfortunately earned a reputation for being obstacles to productivity in many organizations.

This change of web usage has been reflected in the ongoing development of HTML, the markup language that all web interfaces are written in. The first four versions were largely orientated towards documents; however, HTML 5, currently in development, is the first version that explicitly contains functionality to support web applications. That includes offline storage and usage, sessions, and more advanced interface features. However, aspects of the document-orientated model remain.

Silos of information

Each application is its own atomic destination with its own URL, and is by default only aware of data created within it. That means we need to register for each application we want to use, fragmenting our accounts over potentially hundreds of products and company data centers, and that the documents, files and data we create within them can’t easily be shared with other applications. On my desktop, I can write a document in Word and open it in OpenOffice, or take a Paint doodle and load it in Photoshop, but there’s no easy, generic way to take my bookmarks from Delicious into another bookmarking tool, or to take my Google Docs and open them in Acrobat.com.

Currently, each web application is like a silo: they exist on their own, and if they interoperate at all, it’s through specific links between applications that have to be individually developed. Certainly, data created in an application stays in that application; sometimes you can check your GMail address book for contacts in order to find existing friends on a service you’ve just signed up to, for example, but it’s rare that you can actually export data fully into another product. As many of these services are free, a significant portion of their business models revolve around being able to control user-contributed data, keep users coming back, and sell user-generated activity data for marketing purposes. (One has to question whether the market for personal details will continue to be profitable, or whether, like the web advertising market before it, it will saturate and crash.)

In a social networking tool, the site model means that your contacts, the information you share and any detailed access permissions all relate solely to the application they were created in. However, collaborative spaces in social web applications are like documents: they’re one of the currencies of the social web. Just as I need to be able to use my wordprocessor of choice to edit a document, I need to be able to use my social tool of choice to collaborate with others.

Turning the model upside down

Right now, we have to register with each application we want to use. What if we required each application we used to register with us, in digital identities under our own control?

What if, using these identities, anyone could connect to anyone else, and anyone could store their data anywhere as long as the storage provider followed the same broad standards?

The web itself would become a social networking tool.

This is far more flexible, and future-proof:

Your ability to collaborate is not subject to a single company’s success: social functionality and application infrastructure are inherent in the web itself The possibilities for collaboration are not subject to technology beyond common open standards, which can evolve A wider range of application possibilities is ensured, because web applications gain the ability to interoperate in a general way Privacy and user control are established by allowing a person to determine which application has access to which data By establishing a general standard for social application interactions, the services and technologies used to make connections become less relevant; the Internet is people, one big social network, and users no longer have to worry about how they connect. We can all get on with communicating and collaborating rather than worrying about where we connect. For Web designing  services in New Delhi visit vivid Designs

User-centered identities

Under this model, providing the software that hosts your digital identity becomes big business. This hasn’t gone unnoticed by the main service providers, and they’re already fiercely competing to be your identity on the web:

Facebook wants your central identity to be a Facebook account (and arguably have made the user-centric model for the web part of their strategy for a very long time) Google wants it to be a Google account Twitter wants it to be a Twitter account Microsoft wants it to be a Live ID OpenID want it to be any OpenID-capable URL Because I use all of these services, the result is a very complicated identity space. These are a subset of my profiles:

For identities to be usable as a generic standard, you should be able to use any of these — or all of them. Nobody has just one facet (or persona) comprising their identity; everyone has a collection, representing the different parts of their lives. Ben Werdmuller the web strategist for hire doesn’t need to be connected to Ben Werdmuller the Doctor Who fan, who in turn doesn’t need to be connected to the Oxford resident. They can be connected if I choose to make them, but separating parts of your life is part of a user’s control over their identity.

However, that needs to be context-specific, not application-specific. Currently, for example, my Facebook account tends to be personal, while my Twitter tends to be professional. That doesn’t make sense: in order to write personally on Twitter, I either have to accept the collision of those two parts of my life, or I need to create an entirely separate, fragmented Twitter account. Wouldn’t it be better to be able to control who sees which interactions, and choose tools based on the functionality they add to a conversation? Otherwise you have the situation I present above: one identity per communication context per application. That will quickly become unmanageable, and the web will be littered with dead profiles.

Conversely, I believe the future of the web is in atomic digital identities based on permissive, open standards, linked together as an application framework.

How do we make this work?

Problem to solve: user control

First and foremost, the framework for decentralization must be established — in other words, the actual social mesh standards that will make it possible.

Technical mechanisms need to be established for controlling access to a resource or collaborative space, which should be easy to use without removing any of the flexibility of the platform, and should allow for the maintenance of multiple personas.

Another part of access control is allowing a resource to expire gracefully. It’s important to know when to lose data: sometimes documents, resources, spaces, personas or entire identities may be transient and only required for a certain length of time. There’s no need for everything on the web to exist indefinitely; currently, rigorous indexes like Google ensure that much of it does.

Finally, the tools and standards we create must be permissive of goals, content and structure that we might not have thought of. There certainly doesn’t need to be an overarching structure or taxonomy between individual identity spaces, and constraining the technology to a rigid set of activities and data types would limit the scope of the platform.

Problem to solve: ownership

Existing web applications tend to have a single-ownership model for resources. However, Silona Bonewald rightly pointed out to me that this isn’t always the case, and in a free-flowing social mesh, multiple ownership needs to be represented. For example, all collaborators on a resource should have ownership access, unless they explicitly choose to rescind that right.

In a company environment, a user’s employer may have shared ownership (or full ownership, with author access available to the employee). The same may be true with students in a university environment. On sites like Facebook, the service owner may in reality have some ownership rights over the content.

How can we maintain this granularity, but also retain user control?

Problem to solve: privacy & transparency

There is a very public attitude of “when you put something online, it’s published” in some parts of the software development community, which is a useful concept that gives developers carte blanche to share data freely. In a fully user-controlled environment, this public-or-completely-private binary situation can no longer be the case; a resource may have been published to a few select people. Ignoring this trait disallows the platform’s use in important environments like enterprises or public bodies.

When you sign up to a service, you agree to that service’s terms and conditions and privacy policy. However, your data may be farmed out to a collection of other, secondary services via APIs, without your knowledge or consent.

An important aspect of user control is knowing how your data is used and where it is transmitted by the applications you use, so I propose a simple, human-identifiable and machine-readable mark that:

Applies permissions to how my data can be used by applications (like Creative Commons does for shared content) Tells you in a visual way what happens to your data when you visit a site Incorporates multi-ownership It may be that these issues are addressed within the terms and conditions of a service. However, it’s very unlikely that a user will actually read the full contract. Therefore, a simple graphic icon with a link to a plain-English description, with an underlying microformat for machine-readable use, would be a welcome addition to the user experience. As the web becomes more mesh-like and data moves around more freely, conveying what happens to data owned by less-technical end users will become more and more important.

Problem to solve: platform

Finally, while it’s great having a conversation about this, these ideas aren’t useful to anyone unless someone goes ahead and builds it.

There are some existing projects and thinkers who are on these tracks:

The Diso Project is turning the WordPress open source blogging tool into a decentralized digital identity through an array of open standards, and the project’s Chris Messina has a lot of wise things to say about its development. Laconi.ca is a decentralized microblogging platform, whose Open Microblogging standard may be adaptable into a more widely-scoped technology. The Open Stack is a set of developing technologies that address some of the issues. Marc Canter’s Open Mesh treatise goes into detail on many of the issues. All of these are important contributions that strongly address some of the issues; however, we’re still a long way away from the vision of an open, social web.

Conclusion

I believe strongly, for the reasons stated above, that a decentralized, user-centered model for the web is the best way to advance it as an application platform.

Needless to say, I have my own ideas about how to actually build the platform, based on my Making the most of the web principles. However, it has to be a collaborative process: there’s no sense in building an open collaborative standard by yourself. My main concern is that the platform is created and works in an open, lightweight, flexible, easy-to-develop-for way while remaining secure and yielding control to the main user. The result will be an entirely new kind of platform, and presents a unique opportunity for anyone who wants to jump on board.

Source

Service Oriented Architecture

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Application development has come a long way from developing inter-dependent components that serve the cause of a single application to building several independent modules, extending interfaces that can be called by any client, which communicate using asynchronous messaging protocols. Service oriented architecture constitutes of latter components.

Service oriented architecture or SOA essentially consists of various services that communicate with each other, usually in asynchronous fashion. These services are not bound to any particular language or technology and can be implemented by various means. They either communicate using exposed interfaces or some messaging model.

Some of the earliest acquaintances with SOA were using technologies like DCOM and CORBA. DCOM or Distributed Component Object Model was designed for use across multiple network transports. It is based on RPC or Remote Procedure Call and primarily works on Microsoft Windows. CORBA or Common Object Request Broker Architecture was developed keeping inter-operability in mind. A CORBA-based program from any vendor, on almost any computer, operating system, programming language and network can interoperate with another CORBA-based program from any vendor on any computer, operating system, programming language and network. For Web development company visit Vivid Designs

These technologies, however, haven’t been very popular with vendors for SOA-based applications because of their complexities and inefficient platform support. This is where Web Services comes into picture.

Web Services is an industry standard interface and connectivity technology. WSDL or Web Services Description Language, the interface description language used by Web Services, is self-describing and SOAP or Simple Object Access Protocol, its messaging protocol, is based on XML data interchange. It has fulfilled the long-awaited wish of enterprise application developers by truly separating the interface from the implementation and, because of its widespread adoption over the years, has become synonymous with service-oriented architecture. Its simplicity, openness and wide-spread use has changed the landscape of Enterprise Application Integration giving traditional EAI companies a run for their money. For Web development company in Mumbai visit Vivid Designs

Many companies all over the world are phasing their existing applications to service oriented architecture to make their business applications accessible to the clients and business partners, and to improve information sharing.

SOA has changed the way enterprise applications are built, with the lines between application development and application integration gradually fading.

Credit

You got the client, now it’s time to set your web design schedule

In Part 2 of the PMGEP (Project Manager’s Guide to Extraordinary Projects) we covered the contract process and the importance of having a signed agreement in place before any work begins.

Now that the contract has been signed its time for you and your team to get to work! However, before you start churning out wireframes and comps all nimbly bimbly, you need a plan of attack in the form of a web design schedule.

Developing and maintaining a schedule is the single most important function of a Project Manager’s job and plays a HUGE role in the success of a project. If you don’t take the time to plan out and set the project’s milestones and delivery dates, it will no doubt lead to confusion between you, your team, and the client. But not to fear! I’m going to show you the process that I use to get every project off on the right foot.

Start with what you know Before you start throwing random delivery dates on to a calendar, let’s first start with what you know about the project. When is your client’s desired completion date? Most clients have a timetable in mind for their project and it’s likely that date was made clear during the contract phase.

Once you have that date, you now know two very important pieces of information that you’ll need when building a schedule; when you start (when the contract was signed) and when you stop (upon completion). Now you just need to fill in the gaps!

If you don’t take the time to plan out and set the project’s milestones and delivery dates, it will no doubt lead to confusion between you, your team, and the client. By now, you probably have all of the requirements in hand since the majority of these (if not all) should be written in to the agreement between you and your client.

However if you’re still unclear as to what the client is expecting, now is the time to get the requirements solidified.

Assuming you have these things in place, you should have the information you need to begin planning out your web design schedule. As I think most would agree, a single page contains many layers that need to be addressed before moving on to development.

A page needs to be brainstormed, wire framed, designed, and signed-off on before it can be coded. And since a home page design then typically dictates and influences the look of subsequent interior pages, it’s likely that you’ll be able to plan the secondary pages shortly there after. f you are looking for Web development company check Vivid Designs

Simply thinking your way through the requirements and mapping out how to get from A to B will help you put deliverables in the proper order on your project schedule. Once you’ve outlined the order of events, you can then begin filling in delivery dates for each item. But how long does it take to complete each of the tasks you’ve put on your schedule?

Getting your web design ducks in a row Trying to allot the proper amount of time per task is important since there are many variables that could possibly affect completion time. You need to factor in not only time spent doing the work, but also time for client feedback and subsequent revisions.

We’d all love it if we nailed a design on the first try, but you can’t expect that to happen every time. We’d all love it if we nailed a design on the first try, but you can’t expect that to happen every time. You have to allow time for dialog between you and your client and build in extra hours to make changes to your work based on those conversations. If you’re not sure how long a particular task will take you, heck even if you do know, try and add in more time for completion of that deliverable.

Believe me, your client won’t be upset if you over estimated and deliver early, but you can bet you’ll be getting an earful about it if you miss a deadline that YOU set!

The client impact Even though your team will be responsible for most of the deliverables, it is important that you don’t forget to assign your client their own “homework” as well.

If they take a look at your project schedule and don’t see their name anywhere, they might be more likely to go into cruise control mode thinking that your team has it all covered.

A client needs to know that the success of a project depends just as much on their involvement as it does yours. Timely feedback, project priority checks, and constant communication are all responsibilities of a good client. If they fail to meet a milestone assigned to them, they need to understand that it could negatively impact a deliverable scheduled down the line; which could potentially push back their desired launch date and completion.

Keep in mind that if you don’t assign your client any action items and they fail to provide the feedback you need, you will have a very difficult time trying to explain that the deadline you missed was anyone’s fault but your own.

Review, review, and review some more At this point you should have a pretty concrete schedule outlined, but you aren’t quite ready to send it over to your client. Even though you can become quite familiar with how long a given task usually takes the team, it’s always important that you review your schedule internally before unveiling your timeline to the client.

It’s important to review your schedule internally before unveiling your timeline to the client. Your team of web designers and developers may be more familiar with the intimate details of a deliverable and can point out that it may take significantly more time to complete than you’ve allocated. Take this juncture to collaborate and make necessary adjustments since it will be far much harder to backtrack once the project schedule has been finalized.

Also, now is not the time to forget about your other clients! Many firms carry more than one client at a time and many have the same resources working on both projects. Be sure that you review your other project’s schedules to make absolutely sure that you haven’t “double-booked” your teammates by giving them two major action items that are due on the same day. For Web development company in Bangalore visit Vivid Designs

Spacing out delivery dates between projects can not only lessen the stress levels of your team members, but can give you a slight cushion if something goes wrong on one project and you need to temporarily shift your resources to another project.

The web design schedule for all the world to see Once you’ve dotted all of your i’s and crossed all of your t’s, it’s time to send your schedule to the client for review and sign-off. They may suggest additional edits which could send you back to the drawing board, but their input is vital to forming an extraordinary schedule that will put your project on the fast track to success.

When everyone agrees on the final schedule, I recommend putting the milestones and delivery dates on to a calendar that everyone can access. Whether you use something like Basecamp or a Google Calendar, having the schedule in a central location will allow everyone to check up on the project if they have a question about when something is due or what’s next on the agenda.

I also recommend that you review the schedule at various points throughout the life cycle of the project. Just because everyone can access the schedule doesn’t mean they actually read it!

Typically I like to review the project schedule in detail on a kick-off call at the beginning of the project, and then after each major milestone. That way there is very little chance that something will be missed or that someone isn’t aware of what is expected of them.

Be like water There is a famous quote by the legendary Bruce Lee that reads, “If you put water into a cup, it becomes the cup. You put water into a bottle and it becomes the bottle. You put it in a teapot it becomes the teapot. Now, water can flow or it can crash. Be water my friend.” In short, what he’s saying is that you have to be willing to adapt to situations and environments if you want to succeed.

“If you put water into a cup, it becomes the cup. You put water into a bottle and it becomes the bottle. You put it in a teapot it becomes the teapot. Now, water can flow or it can crash. Be water my friend.” — Bruce Lee This kung-fu metaphor speaks volumes of the importance of maintaining your schedule once it has been put in place. Things happen over the course of a project that can throw your carefully laid plans out of whack. Requirements change and unforeseen snags can take longer than expected to resolve. While it is important to stick to the schedule and drive toward your goals, you can’t be afraid to rework your schedule if the project landscape changes.

If this happens, be sure to set a new schedule that fits the new requirements. Don’t just start plugging away at the old deliverables knowing that the dates are no longer valid. Wash away the confusion by being proactive and make the necessary adjustments the project requires. Be like water.

And another one… Hopefully this article has given you some good advice on how to set your next project schedule. While everything most likely won’t go according to plan, the important thing is that you are constantly thinking about the plan and working towards set goals.

But remember, a web design schedule is just the road map, you still have to stay behind the wheel and steer. It’s up to you to do your best and put your team and the project in a position to succeed. That’s right, now drop and give me 50!

P.S. Check out Part 4 of the PGMEP where we’ll take a look at time tracking and how starting to watch the clock now can help you and your team on future projects!

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